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Farming has had many technological advancements over the past few centuries but the basics are still the same. This is especially true if you are a small-scale farmer. With modernization and the rapid technological advances in current commercial farming methods, some of the older, low-tech farming methods are being lost as time marches on. This is why I hope that having access to the this book can be of help to future small-scale farmers.

The Book of the Farm was originally published in 1842 by Henry Stephens. Spanning three volumes, 91 chapters, and 1384 pages, it was the farming “bible” of it’s day. It was also used extensively in the British TV series Victorian Farm that follows three archaeologists and historians as the spend a year running a Victorian Era farm in England.

Below is a list of all the chapters. We will post new chapters over time as we have time to type them up and format them correctly. The chapters that have been completed already link to their individual posts. Enjoy!

The Book of the Farm Horse Team Picture


Detailing the Labours of the Farmer, Farm-Steward, Ploughman, Shepherd, Hedger, Cattle-Man, Field-Worker, and Dairy-Maid

By Henry Stephens, F.R.S.E.

In Three Volumes with Numerous Illustrations

Originally published: 1842


Table of Contents

  1. The Difficulties Which the Young Farmer Has to Encounter at the Outset of Learning Practical Husbandry
  2. The Means of Overcoming Those Difficulties
  3. The Kind of Information to Be Found in Existent Works on Agriculture
  4. The Construction of “the Book of the Farm”
  5. The Existing Methods of Learning Practical Husbandry
  6. The Establishment of Scientific Institutions of Practical Agriculture
  7. The Evils Attendant on Landowners Neglecting to Learn Practical Agriculture
  8. Experimental Farms as Places for Instruction in Farming
  9. A Few Words to Young Farmers Who Intend Emigrating as Agricultural Settlers to the Colonies
  10. The Kind of Education Best Suited to Young Farmers
  11. The Different Kinds of Farming
  12. Choosing the Kind of Farming
  13. Selecting a Tutor Farmer for Teaching Farming
  14. The Pupilage
  15. Dealing with the Details of Farming
  16. The Steading or Farmstead
  17. The Farm-House
  18. The Persons Who Labour the Farm
  19. The Weather in Winter
  20. Climate
  21. Observing and Recording Facts
  22. Soils and Subsoils
  23. Enclosures and Shelters
  24. The Planting of Thorn Hedges
  25. The Plough
  26. The Various Modes of Ploughing Ridges
  27. Draining
  28. Yoking and Harnessing the Plough, and of Swing-Trees
  29. Ploughing Stubble and Lea-Ground
  30. Trench and Subsoil Ploughing, and Moor-Band Pan
  31. Drawing and Stowing Turnips, Mangel-Wurzel, Cabbage, Carrots, and Parsnips
  32. The Feeding of Sheep on Turnips in Winter
  33. Driving and Slaughtering Sheep
  34. Rearing and Feeding Cattle on Turnips in Winter
  35. Driving and Slaughtering Cattle
  36. The Treatment of Farm-Horses in Winter
  37. Fattening, Driving, and Slaughtering Swine
  38. The Treatment of Fowls in Winter
  39. Thrashing and Winnowing Grain, and of the Thrashing-Machine
  40. The Wages of Farm-Servants
  41. Corn Markets
  42. The Farm Smith, Joiner, and Saddler
  43. The Forming of Dunghills, and of Liquid Manure Tanks
  44. Winter Irrigation


  45. Cows, Calving, and Calves
  46. The Advantages of Having Field-Work in a Foward State
  47. Cross-Ploughing, Drilling, and Ribbing Land
  48. Sowing Spring Wheat and Grass Seeds
  49. Sowing Beans, Pease, Tares, Lucern, Saintfoin, Flax, and Hemp
  50. Switching, Pruning, and Water-Tabling Thorn Hedges
  51. Hiring Farm-Servants
  52. Sowing Oat Seed
  53. The Lambing of Ewes
  54. The Training and Working The Shepherd’s Dog
  55. Sowing Barley Seed
  56. Turning Dunghills and Composts
  57. Planting Potatoes
  58. Breaking in Young Draught Horses
  59. Sows Farrowing or Littering
  60. The Hatching of Fowls


  61. The Sowing of Turnips, Mangel-Wurzel, Rape, Carrots, and Parsnips
  62. Repairing the Fences of Grass-Fields, and the Proper Construction of Field-Gates
  63. The Weaning of Calves, Bulls, and the Grazing of Cattle Till Winter
  64. Mares Foaling, Stallons, and Horses at Grass
  65. Sheep-Washing, Sheep-Shearing, and Weaning of Lambs
  66. Rolling the Fleece, and the Qualities of Wool
  67. The Making of Butter and Cheese
  68. Weeding Corn, Green Crops, Pastures, and Hedges, and of Casualties to Plants
  69. Hay-Making
  70. Summer-Fallowing, and Liming the Soil
  71. Building Stone-Dykes
  72. Embankments Against Rivulets
  73. Forming Water-Meadows
  74. Breaking-In Young Saddle-Horses


  75. Pulling Flax and Hemp, and of the Hop
  76. Reaping Rye, Wheat, Barley, Oats, Beans, and Pease
  77. Carrying in, and Stacking Wheat, Barley, Oats, Beans, and Pease
  78. Drafting Ewes and Gimmers, Tupping Ewes, and Bathing and Smearing Sheep
  79. Lifting and Pitting Potatoes
  80. Sowing Autumn Wheat, and the Construction and Principles of Agricultural Wheel-Carriages
  81. Eggs


  82. Rotation of Crops
  83. Fertilizing the Soil by Means of Manures
  84. The Points Possessed by the Domesticated Animals Most Desirable for the Farmer to Cultivate
  85. Making Experiments on Farms
  86. Destroying and Scaring Vermin on Farms
  87. Looking at a Farm – Its Rent – Its Lease – Its Stocking – the Capital Required for It
  88. Improving Waste Land
  89. Farm Book-Keeping
  90. The Conveniences of the Cottages of Farm-Servants
  91. The Care to be Bestowed on the Preservation of Implements

Please let us know in the comments if there is a chapter that you would like to see that hasn’t been uploaded yet.



My name is Casey and I'm the creator of I created this site so I could share with you everything I know about farming and hopefully help you become a better farmer in the process.

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